Textiles Mills and Production Cycle
A textile mill is a manufacturing facility where different types of fibers such as yarn or fabric are produced and processed into usable products. This could be apparel, sheets, towels, textile bags, and many more. When textile mills were first created, the jobs were very labor-intensive, but technology has transformed some modern facilities into machine-heavy operations.
Textile mills employ a multi-step process for taking raw materials and turning them into usable products. A typical production cycle looks something like this:
- 1. Fibers, whether natural or synthetic, are arranged in various way to create a desired texture, appearance, strength or durability.
- 2. Fibers are spun into yarn.
- 3. Yarn is transformed through fabric production techniques such as weaving or knitting.
- 4. Pre-treatment processes are carried out on the fabrics to prepare them to accept dyes and necessary chemicals.
- 5. Dyeing and printing using pigments and prints is performed on the textiles.
- 6. Finishing treatments are added to the fabric to create special technical properties or a desired aesthetic appeal. This might include antibacterial properties, water resistance, or fashion applications.
There are different methods of fabric manufacturing. Among them the weaving and the knitting are mostly used. Weaving is the major method of fabric manufacturing. The technique probably became known before spinning. Spinning developed when people discovered that the raw materials could be improved before they were woven. In the course of time, rude looms were made, which were crudely simple and hand-operated.
Knitting is the second most frequently used method of fabric manufacturing. The popularity of knitting has grown tremendously within recent years because of the increased versatility of techniques, the adaptability of the many new man-made fibres, and the growth of consumer demand. Today the uses of knitted fabrics range from hosiery, underwear, sweaters, slacks, suits and coats.